BY: TANNER KENNEY
Any and all assumptions made in this paper are offered solely by the author as a subject matter expert and are the result of in-depth research coupled with thoughtful opinions regarding the topics discussed.
Throughout America, energy production, transmission, distribution, and utilization are observed, analyzed, reported on, and regulated in each state in various ways; they are also inextricably linked with the federal government through climate change-related legislation and regulations, just as every person on Earth is connected to Nature, itself. And, if every action truly has an equal and opposite reaction, the U.S. and the world are about to endure some of the harshest political climates known regarding environmental conservation and remediation.
This white paper attempts to analyze the climate-related stances taken and decisions made by President Donald Trump’s Administration (Administration) and enumerates their possible impacts, including increased levels of greenhouse gases (GHGs) such as methane (CH4) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) as well as deleterious compounds like fine particulate matter (FPM), resulting directly from the deregulation of various sectors such as energy, infrastructure, transportation, land and agriculture, and beyond. It also provides recommendations for solving the crises that will inevitably arise from said decisions and those which have not yet been made.
It is the intention of this production to express to its readers the threats posed to the world by climate change and the importance of American regulations to the world regarding environmental conservation, preservation, and remediation. It then suggests to the reader that the Administration’s actions will cause further damage to American ecosystems, cultures, and beyond. Moreover, it attempts to address the specific consequences a given reader may suffer should these policies continue to be promulgated ad infinitum.
“During the course of my presidency, I made climate change a top priority because I believe that of all the challenges that we face, this is the one that will define the contours of this century, more dramatically perhaps than any other[.]” – Former President Barack Obama
Actions Taken by President Donald Trump & His Administration
Donald Trump is advancing his mission to destabilize climate change-related regulations and return energy generation policy to previously-dictated standards throughout the United States through myriad appointments and nominations, executive orders, regulatory and policy changes, judicial stacking, and beyond. And, even though Republicans control the House, Senate, and executive branch and have used this power to create a more conservative Supreme Court, the Administration’s legislative efforts have been relatively unsuccessful due to the President’s bombastic and, at times, offensive language directed towards colleagues.
Each and every above-referenced instance is enough to cause concern, but in sum, they paint a much more worrisome picture. But in order to truly understand why President Trump’s ‘draining of the swamp’ has been a disastrous failure, one must understand the tools used to inflict so much damage on the environment without actually doing very much in Congress. However, one must first understand the scope of the problem at-hand, which means addressing the metrics by which previous, current, and future policy changes are dictated:
U.S. GHG Indicator
Rule Changes, Appointments, & Regulatory Capture
President Trump has used various tools at his disposal as the Chief Executive to circumvent traditional legislative paths, including appointments – judicial and administrative – as well as rule changes, policy adjustments, regulatory capture, and beyond to further act on the positions he takes, which often change without warning. These methods are even more effective with a complicit Congress as it considers changing procedural rules to further the Administration’s agenda.
In its first 100, President Trump signed 90 Executive Orders, an astonishingly high number considering that the Administration has only appointed a scant few officials whilst 249 have positions, many vital to operating a functional government, are let without a nominee. This is to say nothing of the PR nightmare that some of Trump’s closest allies have created before the culmination of his first year in office, which is to say nothing of the bevy of conflicts of interests within his cabinet and throughout his Administration.
Scott Pruitt & Ryan Zinke
The two biggest individual threats to our nation’s ecosystems and, as a result, the world’s rapidly changing climate are (currently) Scott Pruitt, Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency, and Ryan Zinke, Secretary of the Interior. It will be important to remain steadfast in understanding that these two officials are not merely two individuals – they wield a tremendous amount of power, more than most elected officials, to reshape the landscape of environmental regulation, land-use rights and land-use regulations, energy generation, food production, and beyond.
Thus, it is essential that one understands the potential actions that these administrations may take given their previously-underexplored scope-of-power. The primary threats posed by these individuals are manifold – they both wield tremendous amounts of power in regard to their respective organizations and are supported by a complicit Congress that seeks constant approval from the Administration. This scenario allows for a climate wherein Pruitt and Zinke act with impunity, spending lavishly on travel and unnecessary accoutrements.
The Environmental Protection Agency
The role currently played by the EPA mirrors that of President Barack Obama’s Administration (Obama Administration) in that the executive branch utilizes the regulatory agency to impose policies and regulations that work to advance the political motivations of the party elected to oversee the organization. During the Obama Administration, the EPA was used to enforce regulations that would reduce greenhouse gases through a variety of tools such as the Clean Power Plan (CPP). Programs like these have not only had a positive impact on the health of countless Americans, but brought economic benefits with them, as well.
“It’s one of the dirtiest places in America. Former residents of Tar Creek, Oklahoma, want to know why Trump’s EPA chief didn’t prosecute allegations of wrongdoing during a federal buyout program.” – Politico
Previously, this process was predictable in nature as previous administrations relied on traditionally-held standards or consensus opinions provided by candidates and approved by the national party. However, the Administration has taken the drastic steps of attempting to erase the legacy of the outgoing leadership, entirely: Since the confirmation of Scott Pruitt to head the department, the Administration has acted brazenly and unpredictably to reverse longstanding policies, regulations, and stances that positively impact the welfare of all Americans.
Moreover, and through his administrators, the President has dedicated his executive powers to – among other dubious choices – bar agencies from hiring new employees, even laying-off staff members dedicated to protecting the environment, causing many others to quit or retire early.  This is to say nothing of the false promises made by Trump both during his campaign and throughout his presidency.
Clean Power Plan & Landfill Methane Outreach Program
The phrase “jobs, jobs, jobs” has long been a powerful tool utilized by political candidates and elected officials, often referring to a persona’s platform or party’s mission-statement rather than a specific campaign promise, but President Trump’s declaration of coal jobs returning in droves following the repeal of the Clean Power Plan has been stymied by his own party. The CPP is one of the most important and far-reaching regulatory actions taken in American history.
Following the footsteps of the successful Landfill Methane Outreach Program (LMOP) – itself aimed at reducing GHG emissions at landfills and recycling facilities throughout the nation by guiding a CH4 capture, storage, and utilization program – the CPP demonstrated a concerted, bi-partisan effort to continue the process of climate purification through the reduction of GHG emissions stemming from fossil fuel power plants (these most often took the form of centralized, coal-fired power plants). The effectiveness of LMOP, itself, is also threatened as its GHG reduction-capabilities may be compromised by proposed rule-changes within the EPA.
The scaling-back of the CPP, let alone its elimination, could have dire effects on the health of millions of Americans (see below), most often having the greatest impact on the most vulnerable populations throughout the country, including the poor, elderly, and infirmed. This is clearly an unacceptable trade for the vast majority of people involved in the transaction, and will be bad for business, regardless of the Administration’s claims. The very same goes for the Department of the Interior and its assertion that the privatization of Bears Ears and Grand Staircase National Monuments.
The health effects of climate change in America
The Department of The Interior
National Monuments & Parks: Oil, Gas, & Agriculture
Of great concern to all American citizens should be that of our national monuments as well as the national parks they are located within. In recent days, the Administration followed through with the first step in its proposal to drastically reduce the size of national monuments and parks by signing-away two million acres of public lands at Bears Ears and Grand Staircase. The Administration’s decision came as a surprise to some, but when given Rep. Jason Chaffetz failed bid to do the same earlier in the year, it is evident that the decision was made to clear legislative hurdles that previously prevented the seizure.
Bears Ears National Monument
“Environmentalists and some native nations say Mr. Trump’s decision will destroy the national heritage and threaten some 100,000 sites of archaeological importance in the monument’s desert landscapes.”  – The New York Times
In doing so, President Trump has signaled his desire to sign-away public lands for private profits in order to further enrich his campaign donors in the region – many of whom own land for energy exploration and agricultural and mining purposes. Unfortunately, actions such as these may become commonplace in American politics under President Trump as Congress has shown no sign of a backbone in regard to preventing executive orders from seizing public lands. This practice will not change under this Administration without tremendously vocal opposition as the potential impact of O&G exploration on untapped, protected lands is astronomical, potentially the greatest on Earth.
“Both the Trump administration and the Utah congressional delegation have tried to frame the contraction of the monuments as a restoration of states’ and individuals’ rights.” – What Native Americans Stand to Lose if Trump Opens Up Public Lands for Business
Proposed Elephant Trophy Rule Reversal
In perhaps its most shameful act to-date, and merely one example of President Trump’s environmental ignorance, takes the form of executive overreach via the proposed rule-change that would have allowed for Americans to import elephant trophies from Zambia and Zimbabwe. Mercifully, the Administration decided to scrap its plan after a massive public outcry that included extremely vocal leaders on both sides of the aisle decrying the decision – however, we must remain vigilant in our opposition to lifting the ban as the Administration has not yet put the issue to rest permanently.
Protecting vulnerable species is of the utmost importance
To better understand the necessity for the ban, one must understand that the encouragement of elephant hunting, alone, is enough to overcome the positive economic and conservation effects brought to the region. And while these positions are not lifetime appointments, the impact either individual may have on their respective administration will be strong, at the very least, in setting precedents by flaunting long-held conventions of fiscal responsibility and environmental conservation.
However, their combined impact may extend beyond that of the sum of the individual positions – their trajectories appear to be aimed at providing the energy sector with the greatest ease of expansion legally allowed whilst shunning the efforts of genuinely ethical hunters to protect endangered species in the United States and abroad. Lastly, I must reference Secretary of Energy Rick Perry – his impact will be large, but may be mitigated by his ineffectiveness due to a lack of genuine prior experience.
Thankfully, in the United States, the exploration of fossil fuels has become so costly for the vast majority of corporations that a recent auction of Alaskan land held by the federal government for 900 separate plots of land in the National Petroleum Reserve-Alaska drew only 7 bids from the same consortium for a total of 1252mi. out of an available 16,100. Furthermore, and in relatively the same span of time, employment in the renewable energy sector has skyrocketed, due in-part to financial and regulatory assistance from the federal government.
However, this is still a great deal of work to be done regarding the cleanliness and efficiency of energy production and usage in the United States of America as nearly 1/3 of its entire GHG emissions stem from energy production whist the remainder is incredibly energy-intensive (see below).
Sources of American GHGs
Sadly, as is the case with the elephant trophy rule, the Administration is poised to eliminate the previously-successful programs aimed at reducing American GHG emissions across the board. Fortunately, the momentum generated by these Obama-era policies have carried over to this Administration to the point where any de-incentivization may be meaningless. However, the continued exploration for oil and gas (O&G) through the combination of traditional methods and advanced technologies
As the world’s largest economy, it is a moral imperative that more be done in order to prevent the nation from continuing to disproportionate pollute without a legally-binding plan to reduce GHG emissions. Without a concerted effort to rejoin the pact, we are setting a dangerous example for the rest of the world that, should a party disagree with the economic structure of a GHG reduction mechanism, that party may then leave the agreement – sans repercussion – and continue to pollute as previously done.
Prior to discussing the Administration’s role in global energy policy, one must understand the complex interconnection of sovereign nations through their reliance on international power grids. As the United States relies on Canada from renewable hydroelectric power, Venezuela relies on the U.S. to refine its crude oil, many South American nations rely on Brazil for a variety of energy services, the EU relies upon Russia vis-à-vis natural gas, and so on. From nuclear power to rooftop solar panels to wood-fired cooking stoves in rural Africa, individuals throughout the world rely on a bevy of energy technologies to provide them more efficient and healthier solutions on a daily basis.
But these delicate tapestries are under attack by President Trump as he seeks to undermine the global status quo and utilize the recent American energy resurgence to promote products, services, solutions, and technologies that would benefit close allies of the Administration. In doing so, President Trump puts those in the most vulnerable of environments in grave danger as they are most often located in under-developed and/or poverty-stricken nations that simply do not have the capital to protect themselves against climate change, which is to say nothing of the international hunger crisis.
First Impact: Climate Change in Coastal Cities & High-Altitude Populations
Sadly, the U.S. has already endured this year two of the most economically and environmentally damaging hurricanes ever recorded. These events appear to show no signs of relenting, either, and they place the most vulnerable of populations at risk – those in coastal regions and low-lying plains where flooding is commonplace as well as high-altitude environments where oxygen is limited, and the effects of air pollution are more evident (see below).
Climate Change Indicators – Coastal Flooding in the U.S.
- Delayed Impact
At this juncture, it is vital to recall that some, perhaps many, of the changes made and proposed by the Administration may not create negative impacts for some time, hence it is important to not get ‘lost in the weeds’ in focusing on each and every decision as a back-breaking maneuver. However, these decisions must not be overlooked as they comprise the house of cards that the Administration is assembling, but many have, and they include:
- EPA Proposes to Rescind Clean Power Plan
- FHWA Proposes to Rescind Greenhouse Gas Reporting Requirements for State and Regional Highway Planners
- Unified Agenda Lists Planned Deregulatory Actions
- Administration Disbands Climate Science Advisory Committee
- President Issues Executive Order To Expedite Infrastructure Reviews, Revoke Flood Management Standard
Regarding the Flood Management Standard, the delayed impact of this decision is more obvious and an egregious mistake, as well – the historic flooding of Houston during Hurricane Harvey caused unprecedented economic damage, and the full effects of Hurricane Maria on Puerto Rico are yet to be seen. Therefore, it is actions like these that will assemble to create
While it is very difficult to spin the news regarding certain aspects of climate change as a positive, it does occur – many are celebrating the opening of new Arctic shipping routes. Others, most notably O&G conglomerates, are anticipating the ability to explore for natural resources in environments previously unimaginable. This is an untenably precarious scenario to be anticipating and all global citizens should vocalize their displeasure with the status quo in regards to energy provision and environmental conservation.
Conclusions & Recommendations
In order to mitigate the damage done by the Administration to the United States’ international reputation regarding climate change, citizens, government workers, and elected officials must work together and take action in order to promote progressive policies on the federal, state, and local levels. These actions could include, among others:
- The taxation of consumers of relatively large amounts of fossil fuels and/or water and air polluters
- The expansion of anti-fracking policies such as those seen in New York State and California
- The import of clean power, regardless of source
- Support renewables and energy storage
Legal Recommendations –
1) Safe and clean drinking water-related legal action
2) Indigenous and First Nations
Sadly, the current President of the United States has proven time and time again that he will not change his position to circumvent even the gravest of threats, let alone listen to advice from aides, governmental agencies, NGOs, the private sector, and beyond. The time is now to take action through civic engagement in order to make our voices heard regarding the necessity for environmental protection in Washington, D.C. as states have seen their autonomy and, by nature, sovereignty as the Republican-led federal government has yet again worked against its traditional platform of promoting the individual rights of states to govern citizens as they see fit.
Moving forward, lawmakers’ and citizens’ highest priority should be that of securing the nation’s elections. The investigation into Russian meddling in the 2016 elections has revealed information that could permanently damage American trust in the ability of the federal government to prevent international espionage at all levels. Should order be restored to the nation’s election systems, the priorities of environmentalists and conservatives, alike, should be that of preventing this process from ever occurring again. This process will ensure that all Americans voices are heard at an equal volume and weighted accordingly.
In places where this is either not the case or said speech is often overlooked, such as on Native American lands, the answer to this question is as simple as understanding the facts as they pertain to the individual issues, themselves. Once one can grasp the scope of a particular event’s impact, then that person is prepared to take action in the form of civic engagement – whether that is making a donation to a foundation, attending a rally, or calling one’s representative, there exists a multitude of channels to engage with. And now, at the very moment of this writing, is the perfect time for conservationists with traditionally conservative economic viewpoints to assume leadership roles in the Republican National Committee while it is fractured and disoriented.
Throughout the U.S., Americans can promote environmental conservation through traditional methods such as calling their elected officials to support existing and proposed regulations and during public comment periods. Non-traditional methods of environmental activism can come in the form of leverage one’s Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) the burgeoning sustainability sector. Individuals can vocalize their support of the environment through a sustainable usage of PPP. The benefits of environmental conservation and, perhaps even more successfully, remediation can be seen throughout New England, especially in the quality of water delivered to residents of New York State.
The answer to this question is as simple as understanding the facts as they pertain to the individual issues, themselves. Once one can grasp the scope of a particular event’s impact, then that person is prepared to take action in the form of civic engagement – whether that is making a donation to a foundation, attending a rally, or calling one’s representative, there exists a multitude of channels to engage with. And now, at the very moment of this writing, is the perfect time for conservationists with traditionally conservative economic viewpoints to assume leadership roles in the Republican National Committee while it is fractured and disoriented.
The local-level is perhaps the most fitting arena for citizens to unite and promote sustainable energy and climate policies as the impact of environmental degradation is felt simultaneously by a given leadership and the populous it is intended to protect. This prevents the isolation of governing bodies from its citizenry and often fosters bipartisan agreements, which be seen in even the most conservative of populations.
Local discourse often has a large impact on state politics, as well, and can be seen throughout California as a years-long drought has led to the outbreak of record wildfires, themselves posing a danger to the environment through the firefighting tactics of self-preservation, and caused citizens to vocalize their opposition to large bottled water-manufacturers and over-consuming neighbors, alike. Supporting the equal taxation of water-usage may be beneficial to those living in shortage-threatened climates similar to those seen throughout Southern California currently enduring record wildfires in order to prevent passing the burden onto the most vulnerable members of the state’s population.
As the number of nations that rely on renewable sources of energy to heat and light homes and drive economies grows, the sources of the ‘fuel’ that powers these installations must be variable to prevent intermittency (e.g. solar PV, CSP, wind, renewable natural gas (RNG), and beyond). Moreover, and perhaps most importantly, governments must ensure that the lowest-priced kWh is delivered to customers through aggressive, progressive energy policy in addition to diversifying the suppliers of the technologies and services chosen for any given scenario.
This tactic may prevent the over-reliance upon a singular technology and/or vendor and the utilization of waste streams through RNG production can help to reduce landfill and recycling facility-congestion and prevent future waste. Doing so will allow for a more sustainable approach to the exploration for energy resources as the planet’s climate change process begin to melt sea ice in the Arctic Ocean, thereby reducing the need for Arctic shipping routes.
Additionally, energy storage technologies should be prioritized in nations where major populations hubs are located in coastal and/or high-altitude climates as they may set examples for major cities in more developed nations that have as-yet to allow for such installations. And while the United States has long been the beacon of energy ingenuity throughout the world, there are myriad other examples to point to throughout the world with vastly different use-cases such as the sustainable village of Feldheim, Germany, the Kalundborg Symbiosis industrial park, and the entire nation of Costa Rica.
Kalundborg Symbiosis – Denmark
How Can We Help?
Tantamount to the creation of renewable energy installations in the United States and throughout the rest of the world must be the promotion of such technologies through a wider lens than that of clean energy provision. The reliance upon outdated and inefficient energy infrastructure can and will result in dire consequences for members of the service area’s most vulnerable populations. Therefore, it is vital to support these efforts small and large, from local relief efforts to international organizations, and beyond to become fully-engaged in the process of combating climate change.
Die Natur braucht uns nicht / aber wir brauchen die natur
Tanner Kenney is an energy and media professional with a background in journalism and received his M.S. in Global Affairs, Environment & Energy Policy from NYU’s Center for Global Affairs. Recently, Tanner has focused on the advocacy of sustainable development through renewable energy technologies, transportation efficiency, and inclusive public policy.
 Scientists Observe Earth’s Mysterious Hum on the Ocean Floor
 Climate Change Indicators: U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions
 Climate Change Is Erasing Human History
 Obama defends Paris climate accord as Trump mulls ditching it
Climate Deregulation Tracker
 An America First Energy Plan
 Nominations & Appointments
 Trump is on pace to sign more executive orders than any president in the last 50 years
 Trump Budget Would Shutter DOE’s Central Policy Research Team
 Trump Is Rapidly Reshaping the Judiciary. Here’s How.
 Neil Gorsuch Is Already Acting Like He’s Been on the Supreme Court for Years
 Schumer, Pelosi clash with Trump over shutdown talks
 Has Trump drained the swamp in Washington?
 “Regulatory Capture”: Sources and Solutions
 Donald Trump Has Changed His Mind – a Heck of a Lot
 Senate Republicans threaten rules change to clear Trump nominees
 Trump signed 90 executive actions in his first 100 days — here’s what each one does
 Trump says he won’t fill ‘a lot’ of vacant appointments
 Tracking how many key positions Trump has filled so far
 The Top Jobs in Trump’s Administration Are Mostly Vacant: Who’s to Blame?
 ‘Like Bond villains’: What happened when Steven Mnuchin and his wife posed with a sheet of money
 Nikki Haley says she does not want Secretary of State Rex Tillerson’s job
 Instagram rant by Treasury Secretary Mnuchin’s wife sparks records request by watchdog that suspects solar eclipse-watching motive for trip
 The ethics case against Betsy DeVos
 New CDC head faces questions about financial conflicts of interest
 The Environmental Scandal in Scott Pruitt’s Backyard
 Ryan Zinke Is Trump’s Attack Dog on the Environment
 EPA chief defends spending on travel and soundproof booth
 Zinke puts ‘Big Buck Hunter’ in Interior Dept cafeteria to promote hunting
 Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions
 The Clean Power Plan: A Climate Game Changer
 LFGcost–Web — Landfill Gas Energy Cost Model
 Trump is deleting climate change, one site at a time
 Donald Trump has assembled the worst Cabinet in American history
 McCain to Tillerson: Stop hiring freeze at State Dept
 EPA to reduce workforce with buyouts, early retirement plan
 ‘We feel betrayed’: Former union boss calls out Donald Trump over Carrier promises in op-ed
 EPA Takes Another Step To Advance President Trump’s America First Strategy, Proposes Repeal Of “Clean Power Plan”
 CEO says late changes to Senate tax-cut bill ‘wipes out’ what Trump has done for coal
 Landfill Methane Outreach Program (LMOP)
 Potential Energy Impacts of the EPA Proposed Clean Power Plan
 BLM Proposes to Suspend Key Requirements of Methane Waste Prevention Rule
 Repeal of Clean Power Plan Jeopardizes Children’s Health and the Climate They Will Inherit
 Vulnerable populations: Health and exposure disparities
 Shareholders Push Exxon To Disclose Business Impact Of Fighting Climate Change
 Trump Slashes Size of Bears Ears and Grand Staircase Monuments
 Facing backlash, Utah Rep. Jason Chaffetz withdraws bill to transfer federal land to the states
 Bears Ears Monument
 Trump Slashes Size of Bears Ears and Grand Staircase Monuments
 Effort to shrink Bears Ears National Monument started before Donald Trump was elected president
 What Native Americans Stand to Lose if Trump Opens Up Public Lands for Business
 America Now Leads the World In This Surprising Category
 US to allow imports of elephant trophies from Zimbabwe, Zambia
 Trump reverses decision to allow elephant trophy imports — but will it stay?
 “Trophy” Puts Critical Lens on “If It Pays, It Stays” Conservation Hunting
 Zinke used government helicopters to travel to and from DC: report
 Helping to Preserve Our Environment
 Perry, Zinke and Pruitt: “Paving the path to U.S. energy dominance”
 Hunters Sour On Trump’s Interior Secretary Over Public Lands Review
 Searching for Puerto Rico’s Endangered Parrots After Hurricane Maria
 ‘Learning Curve’ as Rick Perry Pursues a Job He Initially Misunderstood
 US petroleum reserve lease sale in Alaska draws just 7 bids
 Clean Energy Is Seeing Monumental Job Growth
 Trump climate policy risks more jobs than it saves
 What Trump Misses About Energy Jobs In America
 Despite Trump, American companies are still investing in renewable energy
 Drilling Rigs Structure: A Comparison between Onshore and Offshore Drilling Rigs with Proposed Future Developments
 What is fracking and why is it controversial?
 Syria signs Paris climate agreement and leaves US isolated
 Champlain Hudson Power Express
 How much petroleum does the United States import and export?
 How Trump Can Harness the U.S. Energy Boom
 Whistleblower: Flynn told ex-partner Russia sanctions would be ripped up
 Do more to help poor nations cope with climate change, IMF tells rich countries
 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season Fast Facts
 La Niña forecast may mean even worse Atlantic hurricanes in 2018
 Climate Change Indicators: Coastal Flooding
 Altitude as a Factor in Air Pollution
 EPA Proposes to Rescind Clean Power Plan
 FHWA Proposes to Rescind Greenhouse Gas Reporting Requirements for State and Regional Highway Planners
 Unified Agenda Lists Planned Deregulatory Actions
 Administration Disbands Climate Science Advisory Committee
 President Issues Executive Order To Expedite Infrastructure Reviews, Revoke Flood Management Standard
 Hurricane Harvey Damages Could Cost up to $180 Billion
 Amid Puerto Rico Disaster, Hospital Ship Admitted Just 6 Patients a Day
 As Arctic Ice Vanishes, New Shipping Routes Open
 Promise of U.S. Arctic Oil & Natural Gas Resources
 More Arctic Boat Traffic Could Really Stress Out Narwhals
 Macron to award US climate scientists ‘Make Our Planet Great Again’ grants
 Status of Fracking in NY
 California Fracking Regulations
 Canadian Hydro and the US
 Under Trump, EPA slows actions against polluters
 Trump forges ahead on Jerusalem despite warnings of violence
 EPA Extends Comment Period for Proposal to Repeal Clean Power Plan, Announces Public Hearing on Nov. 28-29
 DA Vance On Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act: ‘It’s Ridiculous’
 Colorado Launches First In The Nation Post-Election Audits
 Mueller details $6.7M spent in early months of Russia probe
 A Native Activist on a Simple Way to Combat Land Grabs Like Bears Ears
 Report: Mike Pence Offered to Replace Trump on GOP Ticket After the Access Hollywood Tape
 Ex-RNC chairman rips Trump for backing Roy Moore: US has no moral compass under you
 What Is Purchasing Power Parity? (PPP)
 Officials Tout Cleanliness Of New York City Waterways
 Report: Mike Pence Offered to Replace Trump on GOP Ticket After the Access Hollywood Tape
 Ex-RNC chairman rips Trump for backing Roy Moore: US has no moral compass under you
 Environmental groups sue Trump administration for approving Keystone pipeline
 United States Drought Monitor – California
 California wildfires now larger than New York City and Boston combined
 Blanketing California in Fire Retardant Is Potentially Very Harmful
 Drought turns Californians against water bottling companies
 Do drought-related water restrictions take precedence over lease requirements?
 The Case for Taxing Bottled Water
 First-ever water tax proposed to tackle unsafe drinking water in California
 World Overview – Capacity and Generation
 Solar Photovoltaic Technology Basics
 Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Technologies
 How Do Wind Turbines Work?
 Renewable Natural Gas (Biomethane) Production
 Recycling Chaos In U.S. As China Bans ‘Foreign Waste’
 Alaskan North Slope climate change just outran one of our tools to measure it
 HMM Plans Arctic Shipping for 2020
 Energy Storage Technologies
 The Bolivian Biogas Development Proposal
 As energy storage booms in New York, officials tackle safety measures
 Turning to Frack Tech, Stricken U.S. Oil Drillers Test New Limits
 Feldheim: Germany’s renewable village
 Kalundborg Symbiosis
 Costa Rica Has Been Running on 100% Renewable Energy For 2 Months Straight
 Puerto Rico’s Humanitarian Crisis Takes on New Urgency With Alarming Death Counts
 After Years Working in Dominica, Scientists Are Helping Their ‘Other Family’ Rebuild
- Scientists Observe Earth’s Mysterious Hum on the Ocean Floor – https://gizmodo.com/scientists-observe-earths-mysterious-hum-on-the-ocean-f-1821137419
- Climate Change Indicators: U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions – https://www.epa.gov/climate-indicators/climate-change-indicators-us-greenhouse-gas-emissions
- Climate Change Is Erasing Human History – https://gizmodo.com/climate-change-is-erasing-human-history-1819960026
- Obama defends Paris climate accord as Trump mulls ditching it – https://www.cnn.com/2017/05/09/politics/obama-climate-change-paris-agreement-italy/index.html
- Climate Deregulation Tracker – http://columbiaclimatelaw.com/resources/climate-deregulation-tracker/
- An America First Energy Plan – https://www.whitehouse.gov/america-first-energy
- Nominations & Appointments – https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/nominations-and-appointments
- EPA Proposes to Rescind Clean Power Plan – http://columbiaclimatelaw.com/climate-deregulation-tracker/epa-proposes-to-rescind-clean-power-plan/
- FHWA Proposes to Rescind Greenhouse Gas Reporting Requirements for State and Regional Highway Planners – http://columbiaclimatelaw.com/climate-deregulation-tracker/fhwa-proposes-to-rescind-greenhouse-gas-reporting-requirements-for-state-and-regional-highway-planners/
- Unified Agenda Lists Planned Deregulatory Actions – http://columbiaclimatelaw.com/climate-deregulation-tracker/planned-deregulatory-actions-on-unified-agenda/
- Administration Disbands Climate Science Advisory Committee – http://columbiaclimatelaw.com/climate-deregulation-tracker/noaa-disbands-climate-science-advisory-committee/
- President Issues Executive Order To Expedite Infrastructure Reviews, Revoke Flood Management Standard – http://columbiaclimatelaw.com/climate-deregulation-tracker/president-issues-executive-order-to-expedite-infrastructure-reviews-revoke-flood-management-standard/
- Trump is on pace to sign more executive orders than any president in the last 50 years – https://www.cnn.com/2017/10/13/politics/donald-trump-executive-orders/index.html
- Trump Budget Would Shutter DOE’s Central Policy Research Team – https://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/trump-budget-would-shutter-doe-policy-research-team-epsa
- Trump Is Rapidly Reshaping the Judiciary. Here’s How. – https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/11/us/politics/trump-judiciary-appeals-courts-conservatives.html
- Neil Gorsuch Is Already Acting Like He’s Been on the Supreme Court for Years – http://time.com/4961416/neil-gorsuch-supreme-court-term-controversy/
- Schumer, Pelosi clash with Trump over shutdown talks – https://www.politico.com/story/2017/11/28/schumer-pelosi-cancel-meeting-with-trump-262853
- Has Trump drained the swamp in Washington? – https://www.politico.com/story/2017/10/19/trump-drain-swamp-promises-243924
- “Regulatory Capture”: Sources and Solutions – http://law.emory.edu/ecgar/content/volume-1/issue-1/essays/regulatory-capture.html
- Donald Trump Has Changed His Mind – a Heck of a Lot – https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/14/opinion/donald-trump-inconsistent-taxes.html
- The Top Jobs in Trump’s Administration Are Mostly Vacant: Who’s to Blame? – https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/07/17/us/politics/trump-appointments.html
- ‘Like Bond villains’: What happened when Steven Mnuchin and his wife posed with a sheet of money – https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2017/11/15/like-bond-villains-what-happened-when-steven-mnuchin-and-his-wife-posed-with-a-sheet-of-money/
- Nikki Haley says she does not want Secretary of State Rex Tillerson’s job – http://www.businessinsider.com/nikki-haley-secretary-of-state-rex-tillerson-2017-10
- Instagram rant by Treasury Secretary Mnuchin’s wife sparks records request by watchdog that suspects solar eclipse-watching motive for trip – https://www.cnbc.com/2017/08/24/instagram-rant-by-mnuchins-wife-sparks-records-request-by-watchdog.html
- The ethics case against Betsy DeVos – http://thehill.com/blogs/pundits-blog/the-administration/317975-the-ethics-case-against-betsy-devos
- New CDC head faces questions about financial conflicts of interest – https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/to-your-health/wp/2017/12/11/new-cdc-head-faces-questions-about-financial-conflicts-of-interest/?hpid=hp_hp-top-table-main_cdcdirector-1238pm%3Ahomepage%2Fstory
- Senate Republicans threaten rules change to clear Trump nominees – http://thehill.com/homenews/senate/358124-senate-republicans-threaten-rules-change-to-clear-trump-nominees
- Trump signed 90 executive actions in his first 100 days — here’s what each one does – http://www.businessinsider.com/trump-executive-orders-memorandum-proclamations-presidential-action-guide-2017-1
- Trump says he won’t fill ‘a lot’ of vacant appointments – https://www.politico.com/story/2017/10/10/trump-federal-government-appointments-vacant-243627
- Tracking how many key positions Trump has filled so far – https://www.washingtonpost.com/graphics/politics/trump-administration-appointee-tracker/database/
- The Environmental Scandal in Scott Pruitt’s Backyard – https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/12/06/scott-pruitt-tar-creek-oklahoma-investigation-215854
- Ryan Zinke Is Trump’s Attack Dog on the Environment – https://www.outsideonline.com/2266216/man-flies-his-own-flag
- EPA chief defends spending on travel and soundproof booth – https://apnews.com/a5d44eb20ca5404e99f89624a95d2597
- Zinke puts ‘Big Buck Hunter’ in Interior Dept cafeteria to promote hunting – http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/351434-zinke-putting-big-buck-hunter-in-interior-dept-cafeteria-to-promote
- Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions – https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions
- Landfill Methane Outreach Program (LMOP) – https://www.epa.gov/lmop
- The Clean Power Plan: A Climate Game Changer – http://www.ucsusa.org/our-work/global-warming/reduce-emissions/what-is-the-clean-power-plan
- LFGcost–Web — Landfill Gas Energy Cost Model – https://www.epa.gov/lmop/lfgcost-web-landfill-gas-energy-cost-model
- Trump is deleting climate change, one site at a time – https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2017/may/14/donald-trump-climate-change-mentions-government-websites
- Donald Trump has assembled the worst Cabinet in American history – https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/plum-line/wp/2017/01/19/donald-trump-has-assembled-the-worst-cabinet-in-american-history/
- McCain to Tillerson: Stop hiring freeze at State Dept – http://thehill.com/blogs/blog-briefing-room/360613-mccain-to-tillerson-stop-hiring-freeze-at-state-dept
- EPA to reduce workforce with buyouts, early retirement plan – https://www.cnn.com/2017/04/19/politics/epa-buyouts-retirement-trump/index.html
- Trump Halted These Hunt Trophies. Elephant Lover Will Never Forget It. – https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/20/us/politics/trump-elephants-trophy-hunting.html
- Hurricane Harvey Damages Could Cost up to $180 Billion – http://fortune.com/2017/09/03/hurricane-harvey-damages-cost/
- Amid Puerto Rico Disaster, Hospital Ship Admitted Just 6 Patients a Day – https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/06/us/puerto-rico-hurricane-maria-hospital-ship.html
- As Arctic Ice Vanishes, New Shipping Routes Open – https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/05/03/science/earth/arctic-shipping.html
- Promise of U.S. Arctic Oil & Natural Gas Resources – http://www.api.org/oil-and-natural-gas/wells-to-consumer/exploration-and-production/alaska/promise-of-us-arctic-oil-gas-resources
- More Arctic Boat Traffic Could Really Stress Out Narwhals – https://earther.com/more-arctic-boat-traffic-could-really-stress-out-narwha-1821124692
- Macron to award US climate scientists ‘Make Our Planet Great Again’ grants – http://thehill.com/news-by-subject/energy-environment/364228-macron-to-award-us-climate-scientists-with-make-our-planet
- Status of Fracking in NY – https://www.fractracker.org/map/us/new-york/moratoria/
- California Fracking Regulations – http://www.cafrackfacts.org/policy/california-regulations/
- Canadian Hydro and the US – https://canadahydro.ca/facts/5-reasons-americans-should-care-about-canadian-hydropower/
- Under Trump, EPA slows actions against polluters – https://www.bostonglobe.com/news/nation/2017/12/10/under-trump-epa-slows-actions-against-polluters/FBAHY0bQRNDaAVkL6r1O3K/story.html
- Trump promised to bring back coal jobs. That promise ‘will not be kept,’ experts say. – https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2017/03/29/trump-promised-to-bring-back-coal-jobs-that-promise-will-not-be-kept-experts-say/
- ‘We feel betrayed’: Former union boss calls out Donald Trump over Carrier promises in op-ed – https://www.indystar.com/story/news/2017/11/29/we-feel-betrayed-union-boss-calls-out-donald-trump-over-carrier-promises-op-ed/904789001/
- EPA Takes Another Step To Advance President Trump’s America First Strategy, Proposes Repeal Of “Clean Power Plan” – https://www.epa.gov/newsreleases/epa-takes-another-step-advance-president-trumps-america-first-strategy-proposes-repeal
- CEO says late changes to Senate tax-cut bill ‘wipes out’ what Trump has done for coal – http://thehill.com/news-by-subject/energy-environment/363496-coal-ceo-gop-tax-bill-wipes-us-out-destroys-thousands-of
- Potential Energy Impacts of the EPA Proposed Clean Power Plan – http://www.nera.com/content/dam/nera/publications/2014/NERA_ACCCE_CPP_Final_10.17.2014.pdf
- BLM Proposes to Suspend Key Requirements of Methane Waste Prevention Rule – http://columbiaclimatelaw.com/climate-deregulation-tracker/blm-proposes-to-suspend-key-requirements-of-methane-waste-prevention-rule/
- Repeal of Clean Power Plan Jeopardizes Children’s Health and the Climate They Will Inherit – https://www.sierraclub.org/planet/2017/10/repeal-clean-power-plan-jeopardizes-children-s-health-and-climate-they-will-inherit
- Vulnerable populations: Health and exposure disparities – https://www.beairawaremn.org/who-is-affected/disparities
- Shareholders Push Exxon To Disclose Business Impact Of Fighting Climate Change – https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/05/31/530904042/shareholders-push-exxon-to-disclose-business-impact-of-fighting-climate-change
- Trump Slashes Size of Bears Ears and Grand Staircase Monuments – https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/04/us/trump-bears-ears.html
- Facing backlash, Utah Rep. Jason Chaffetz withdraws bill to transfer federal land to the states – https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/energy-environment/wp/2017/02/02/facing-backlash-utah-rep-jason-chaffetz-withdraws-bill-to-transfer-federal-land-to-the-states/
- Effort to shrink Bears Ears National Monument started before Donald Trump was elected president – http://www.sltrib.com/news/politics/2017/12/03/effort-to-shrink-bears-ears-national-monument-started-before-donald-trump-was-elected-president/
- What Native Americans Stand to Lose if Trump Opens Up Public Lands for Business – https://psmag.com/environment/what-native-americans-stand-to-lose-if-trump-opens-up-public-lands-for-business
- America Now Leads the World In This Surprising Category – http://fortune.com/2016/07/05/oil-reserves-us/
- US to allow imports of elephant trophies from Zimbabwe, Zambia – https://www.cnn.com/2017/11/15/politics/elephant-trophies-us-restrictions-zimbabwe-zambia/index.html
- Trump reverses decision to allow elephant trophy imports — but will it stay? – https://www.salon.com/2017/11/18/trump-reverses-decision-to-allow-elephant-trophy-imports-but-will-it-stay/
- “Trophy” Puts Critical Lens on “If It Pays, It Stays” Conservation Hunting – https://www.sierraclub.org/sierra/trophy-puts-critical-lens-if-it-pays-it-stays-conservation-hunting
- Zinke used government helicopters to travel to and from DC: report – http://thehill.com/homenews/administration/363889-zinke-used-government-helicopters-to-travel-to-and-from-dc-report
- Helping to Preserve Our Environment – https://recyclesierra.com/
- Perry, Zinke and Pruitt: “Paving the path to U.S. energy dominance” – https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2017/06/27/perry-zinke-and-pruitt-paving-path-us-energy-dominance
- Hunters Sour On Trump’s Interior Secretary Over Public Lands Review – https://www.npr.org/2017/09/06/547687095/hunters-sour-on-trump-s-interior-secretary-over-public-lands-review
- Searching for Puerto Rico’s Endangered Parrots After Hurricane Maria – https://earther.com/searching-for-puerto-ricos-endangered-parrots-after-hur-1820331227
- Learning Curve’ as Rick Perry Pursues a Job He Initially Misunderstood – https://www.nytimes.com/2017/01/18/us/politics/rick-perry-energy-secretary-donald-trump.html
- US petroleum reserve lease sale in Alaska draws just 7 bids – https://apnews.com/f85d8093593047cbb49162c2de90d05b
- Clean Energy Is Seeing Monumental Job Growth – https://www.usnews.com/news/at-the-edge/articles/2017-03-15/clean-energy-is-seeing-explosive-job-growth-dont-let-budget-kill-it
- Trump climate policy risks more jobs than it saves – https://www.ft.com/content/6a5fa710-46ea-11e7-8d27-59b4dd6296b8
- What Trump Misses About Energy Jobs In America – https://www.npr.org/2017/03/28/521805360/what-trump-misses-about-energy-jobs-in-america
- Despite Trump, American companies are still investing in renewable energy – https://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2017/oct/11/despite-trump-american-companies-are-still-investing-in-renewable-energy
- Drilling Rigs Structure: A Comparison between Onshore and Offshore Drilling Rigs with Proposed Future Developments – https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Khaled_Al-Azani/publication/273042159_Drilling_Rigs_Structure_A_Comparison_between_Onshore_and_Offshore_Drilling_Rigs_with_Proposed_Future_Developments/links/563dee4108ae8d65c013db33/Drilling-Rigs-Structure-A-Comparison-between-Onshore-and-Offshore-Drilling-Rigs-with-Proposed-Future-Developments.pdf
- What is fracking and why is it controversial? – http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-14432401
- Syria signs Paris climate agreement and leaves US isolated – https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/nov/07/syria-signs-paris-climate-agreement-and-leaves-us-isolated
- Champlain Hudson Power Express – http://www.chpexpress.com
- How much petroleum does the United States import and export? – https://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.php?id=727&t=6
- How Trump Can Harness the U.S. Energy Boom – https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/15/opinion/trump-energy-boom.html
- Whistleblower: Flynn told ex-partner Russia sanctions would be ripped up – https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/whistleblower-flynn-told-ex-partner-russia-sanctions-would-be-ripped-n827031
- Do more to help poor nations cope with climate change, IMF tells rich countries – https://www.theguardian.com/business/2017/sep/27/do-more-to-help-poor-nations-cope-with-climate-change-imf-tells-rich-countries
- Hunger Relief International – https://www.hungerreliefinternational.org/
- 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season Fast Facts – https://www.cnn.com/2017/05/15/us/2017-atlantic-hurricane-season-fast-facts/index.html
- La Niña forecast may mean even worse Atlantic hurricanes in 2018 – https://www.newscientist.com/article/2151474-la-nina-forecast-may-mean-even-worse-atlantic-hurricanes-in-2018/
- Climate Change Indicators: Coastal Flooding – https://www.epa.gov/climate-indicators/climate-change-indicators-coastal-flooding
- Altitude as a Factor in Air Pollution – https://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/risk/recordisplay.cfm?deid=47804
- Colorado Launches First In The Nation Post-Election Audits – https://www.npr.org/2017/11/22/566039611/colorado-launches-first-in-the-nation-post-election-audits
- Mueller details $6.7M spent in early months of Russia probe – https://apnews.com/08e5647c5c2b4382967d3a8185005e5a/Mueller-details-$6.7M-spent-in-early-months-of-Russia-probe
- A Native Activist on a Simple Way to Combat Land Grabs Like Bears Ears – https://splinternews.com/a-native-activist-on-a-simple-way-to-combat-land-grabs-1821126991
- Report: Mike Pence Offered to Replace Trump on GOP Ticket After the Access Hollywood Tape – https://slate.com/news-and-politics/2017/12/mike-pence-almost-replaced-donald-trump-after-access-hollywood-tape.html
- Ex-RNC chairman rips Trump for backing Roy Moore: US has no moral compass under you – http://thehill.com/homenews/campaign/363272-ex-rnc-chairman-rips-trump-for-backing-roy-moore-us-has-no-moral-compass
- Environmental groups sue Trump administration for approving Keystone pipeline – https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-pipeline-keystone-lawsuit/environmental-groups-sue-trump-administration-for-approving-keystone-pipeline-idUSKBN1712DZ
- United States Drought Monitor – California – http://droughtmonitor.unl.edu/CurrentMap/StateDroughtMonitor.aspx?CA
- California wildfires now larger than New York City and Boston combined – https://www.cnn.com/2017/12/11/us/california-wildfires/index.html
- Blanketing California in Fire Retardant Is Potentially Very Harmful – https://earther.com/blanketing-california-in-fire-retardant-is-potentially-1821181258
- Drought turns Californians against water bottling companies – http://money.cnn.com/2015/05/26/news/companies/california-bottled-water-drought/index.html
- Do drought-related water restrictions take precedence over lease requirements? – http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-associations-watering-20160602-snap-story.html
- The Case for Taxing Bottled Water – https://www.citylab.com/equity/2015/05/the-case-for-taxing-bottled-water/393848/
- First-ever water tax proposed to tackle unsafe drinking water in California – http://www.mercurynews.com/2017/08/23/first-ever-tax-on-california-drinking-water-proposed-for-contaminated-groundwater-clean-up/
- What Is Purchasing Power Parity? (PPP) – https://www.investopedia.com/updates/purchasing-power-parity-ppp/
- Officials Tout Cleanliness Of New York City Waterways – http://newyork.cbslocal.com/2017/12/10/officials-tout-cleanliness-of-new-york-city-waterways/
- Trump forges ahead on Jerusalem despite warnings of violence – https://apnews.com/76a082815a5a4394a295ab651a04f588/Trump-forges-ahead-on-Jerusalem-despite-warnings-of-violence
- EPA Extends Comment Period for Proposal to Repeal Clean Power Plan, Announces Public Hearing on Nov. 28-29 – http://columbiaclimatelaw.com/climate-deregulation-tracker/epa-extends-comment-period-for-proposal-to-repeal-clean-power-plan/
- DA Vance On Concealed Carry Reciprocity Act: ‘It’s Ridiculous’ – http://newyork.cbslocal.com/2017/12/09/da-vance-on-concealed-carry-reciprocity-act-its-ridiculous/
- World Overview – Capacity and Generation – http://resourceirena.irena.org/gateway/dashboard/?topic=4&subTopic=17
- Solar Photovoltaic Technology Basics – https://www.nrel.gov/workingwithus/re-photovoltaics.html
- Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Technologies – http://solareis.anl.gov/guide/solar/csp/
- How Do Wind Turbines Work? – https://energy.gov/eere/wind/how-do-wind-turbines-work
- Renewable Natural Gas (Biomethane) Production – https://www.afdc.energy.gov/fuels/natural_gas_renewable.html
- Recycling Chaos In U.S. As China Bans ‘Foreign Waste’ – https://www.npr.org/2017/12/09/568797388/recycling-chaos-in-u-s-as-china-bans-foreign-waste?sc=tw
- Alaskan North Slope climate change just outran one of our tools to measure it – https://www.climate.gov/news-features/blogs/beyond-data/alaskan-north-slope-climate-change-just-outran-one-our-tools-measure
- HMM Plans Arctic Shipping for 2020 – https://www.porttechnology.org/news/hmm_plans_arctic_shipping_for_2020
- Energy Storage Technologies – http://energystorage.org/energy-storage-1
- The Bolivian Biogas Development Proposal – http://tannerkenney.com/thesis/
- As energy storage booms in New York, officials tackle safety measures – https://www.utilitydive.com/news/as-energy-storage-booms-in-new-york-officials-tackle-safety-measures/430478/
- Turning to Frack Tech, Stricken U.S. Oil Drillers Test New Limits http://fortune.com/2016/03/13/frack-tech-tests-new-limits/
- Feldheim: Germany’s renewable village – http://www.dw.com/en/feldheim-germanys-renewable-village/a-18466800
- Kalundborg Symbiosis – http://www.symbiosis.dk/en/
- Costa Rica Has Been Running on 100% Renewable Energy For 2 Months Straight – https://www.sciencealert.com/costa-rica-has-been-running-on-100-renewable-energy-for-2-months-straight
- Trump’s biggest achievements and failures a year since his election – https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-politics/trump-achievements-failures-list-success-us-president-a8042756.html
- The Silence Breakers – http://time.com/time-person-of-the-year-2017-silence-breakers/?xid=homepage
- Puerto Rico’s Humanitarian Crisis Takes on New Urgency With Alarming Death Counts – https://earther.com/puerto-ricos-humanitarian-crisis-takes-on-new-urgency-w-1821135423
- After Years Working in Dominica, Scientists Are Helping Their ‘Other Family’ Rebuild – https://earther.com/after-years-working-in-dominica-scientists-are-helping-1820915067
- Windmill – Feldheim, Germany – Tanner Kenney
- Ruins – Lago Titicaca, Bolivia – Tanner Kenney
- S. GHG Indicator – https://www.epa.gov/climate-indicators/climate-change-indicators-us-greenhouse-gas-emissions
- Map – Health Effects of Climate Change – https://www.cnn.com/2017/04/13/health/climate-change-health-risks-us-map-explainer/index.html
- Bears Ears – https://www.flickr.com/photos/snowpeak/33932322463/
- Elephants – https://pixabay.com/p-341983/?no_redirect
- Sources of American GHGs – https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/sources-greenhouse-gas-emissions
- Climate Change Indicators – Coastal Flooding in the U.S. – https://www.epa.gov/climate-indicators/climate-change-indicators-coastal-flooding
- Kalundborg Symbiosis – Denmark – http://www.symbiosis.dk/en/
- Windmills – Feldheim, Germany – Tanner Kenney